Pajamas or pyjamas, generally shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can confer with various related kinds of clothes originating through the Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are free-fitting clothes derived from the first garment and worn mainly for sleeping, but at times also for lounging, also by equally sexes.[three] Additional frequently, pajamas may refer to several garments, for both daywear and nightwear, derived from conventional pajamas and involving variations of style and material.
The term pyjama [four] was borrowed c. 1800 within the Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), alone borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'.[five] The initial pyjāmā are free, lightweight trousers fitted with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans in the course of East India Organization rule in India.
The globally use of pajamas (the term as well as garment) is the results of adoption by British colonists in India from the 18th and nineteenth hundreds of years, as well as the British influence on the wider Western world during the Victorian period. Pajamas were launched to England as "lounging attire" as early as the seventeenth century, then known as mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) Nonetheless they shortly fell from style. The word pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the first 50 % with the nineteenth century. They did not become a manner in Britain plus the Western planet as sleeping attire for guys right up until the Victorian time period, from about 1870.
Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Text and Phrases (1886) summarizes the condition of utilization at the time (s.v. "pyjammas"):
This kind of garment is utilized by different persons in India e.g. by Women of all ages of varied classes, by Sikh men, and many by Mohammedans of the two sexes. It was adopted within the Mohammedans by Europeans being an article of dishabille and of night time attire, and is synonymous with Very long Drawers, Shulwaurs, and Mogul-Breeches [...] It truly is probable that we English took the pattern just like a great lots of Other folks in the Portuguese. Thus Pyrard (c. 1610) claims, in speaking of Goa Medical center: "Ils ont power calsons sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The term is currently used in London stores. A friend furnishes the next reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn Street, some on forty many years back, in reply to a question why pyjammas experienced ft sewn on to them (as was in some cases the case with Those people furnished by London outfitters) answered: "I feel, Sir, it is as a result of White Ants."
Conventional pajamas encompass a jacket-and-pants blend made of smooth fabric, for example flannel or lightweight cotton. The jacket ingredient typically has a placket front and its sleeves haven't any cuffs. Lots of individuals opt to snooze or lounge in only the pajama pants, both with a t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. For that reason, pajama trousers More for men and boys in many cases are sold as separates.
In colloquial speech, these classic pajamas are often referred to as PJs, jim jams, or jammies.[thirteen] In South Asia and South Africa, they are sometimes known as evening satisfies.
Some pajamas function a fall seat (generally known as a trap doorway or butt flap): a buttoned opening during the seat, created to enable the wearer to conveniently utilize a toilet. Drop seats ended up quite common on pajamas produced prior to the fifties, but in the early twenty-1st century They are really fairly exceptional.
Contemporary pajamas are derived from standard pajamas. There are several variations in fashion for example shorter sleeve pajamas,[fourteen] pajama bottoms of varying size,[sixteen] or, now and again, one-piece pajamas, and pajamas incorporating different resources. Mainly during the US, stretch-knit sleep apparel with rib-knit trimmings are frequent. Normally worn by little ones, these clothes normally have pullover tops (if two-piece) or have zippers down the fronts (if one-piece), and might also be footed.
Though pajamas are frequently distinguished from non-bifurcated sleeping clothes for instance nightgowns, during the US, they may have sometimes integrated the latter as being a best. Babydoll pyjamas Have a very sort of limited gown prime in excess of shorts or limited trousers.
Pajamas could nowadays confer with Girls's blend daywear, particularly in the US the place they grew to become well-known inside the early twentieth century, consisting of quick-sleeved or sleeveless blouses and lightweight pants. Examples of these include capri pajamas, Beach front pajamas, and hostess pajamas.